Nama Ilmiah Makhluk Hidup

Penamaan makhluk hidup dengan sistem binomial nomenklatur pertama kali diperkenalkan oleh oleh Carolus Linnaeus(1707-1778).Ia adalah seorang ahli ilmu pengetahuan alam dari Swedia.
Ilmu mempelajari klasifikasi Makhluk Hidup disebut
taksonomi.
Binomial nomenklatur adalah penamaan dengan dua kata latin atau yang dilatinkan. Aturan penamaannya adalah :
* Kata pertama adalah nama genusnya, kata kedua adalah nama speciesnya
* Huruf pertama nama genus ditulis dengan huruf besar, dan huruf pertama nama species ditulis dengan huruf kecil.
* Nama genus dan species ditulis dengan huruf miring atau digarisbawahi.
Beberapa contoh nama ilmiah hewan dan tumbuhan:


 
HEWAN

  1. Ayam buras                               = Gallus domesticus
  2. Ayam hutan hijau                       = Gallus varius
  3. Ayam hutan kelabu                     = Gallus sonneratii
  4. Ayam hutan Srilanka                  = Gallus lafayetii
  5. Angsa                                      = Cygnus cygnus
  6. Angsa putih                              = Cygnus olor
  7. Angsa hitam                              = Cygnus atratus
  8. Anjing                                      = Canis lupus
  9. Anjing rakun                              = Nyctctereutes procycnoides
  10. Anjing laut                                = Monachus monachus
  11. Babi                                         = Artamus leucorynchus
  12. Babi hutan                                 = Sus scrofa
  13. Babirusa                                   = Babyrousa babyrussa
  14. Badak putih                               = Cerathoterium simum
  15. Badak hitam                               = Diceros bicornis
  16. Badak hitam Afrika                     = Diceros bicornis longipes
  17. Badak bercula satu                     = Rhinoceros sundaicus
  18. Badak bercula dua                       = Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
  19. Banteng                                    = Bos sundaicus
  20. Beruang coklat                           = Ursus arctos
  21. Beruang hitam                            = Ursus thibetanus
  22. Beruang kutub                            = Ursus maritimus
  23. Bison                                          = Bison bonastus
  24. Buaya                                       = Crocodylus porosus
  25. Buaya tomistoma                        = Tomistoma schlegelii
  26. Buaya Paeosuchus                       = Paeosuchus trigonatus
  27. Buaya Nil                                  = Crocodilus nilotus
  28. Buaya Caiman                             = Caiman crocodilus
  29. Burung onta                               = Rhea americana
  30. Cheetah                                     = Acinonyx jubatus
  31. Domba argali                              = Ovis ammon
  32. Domba domestrik                        = Ovis aries
  33. Domba salju                               = Ovis nivicola
  34. Domba Mouflon                           = Ovis musimon
  35. Elk                                           = Alces alces
  36. Flamingo                                    = Phoenicopterus ruber
  37. Gajah asia                                 = Elephas maximus
  38. Gajah afrika                              = Loxodonta africana
  39. Gorila                                       = Gorilla gorilla
  40. Hyena                                       = Crocuta crocuta
  41. Harimau                                    = Panthera tigris
  42. Jerapah                                    = Giraffa cameliopardalis
  43. kalkun                                       = Meleagris gallapo
  44. Kerbau                                      = Bubalus bubalis
  45. Kerbau afrika                            = Syncerus caffer
  46. King cobra                                 = Ophiophagus hannah
  47. Kuda                                         = Equus caballus
  48. Kuda zebra                                 = Equus burchelli
  49. Kuda nil                                     = Hippopotamus amphibius
  50. Komodo                                      = Varanus komodoensis
  51. Koala                                        = Phascolartus cinereus
  52. Kucing                                       = Felis sylvestris
  53. Lalat                                        = Musca domestica
  54. Leopard                                     = Uncia uncia
  55. Macan tutul                               = Panthera pardus
  56. Merpati                                    = Columba livia
  57. Monyet Asia Tenggara                 = Macaca fascicularis
  58. Monyet Jepang                           = Macaca fuscata
  59. Monyet merah                            = Alouatta seniculus
  60. Pelican                                      = Pelecanus occidentalis
  61. Rakun                                       = Proyon lotor
  62. Rubah                                       = Vulpes vulpes
  63. Rubah arktik                              = Aloper lagopus
  64. Rubah swift                               = Vulpes velox
  65. Rusa merah                                = Cervus elaphus
  66. Rusa sika                                   = Cervus nippon
  67. Salmon                                      = Oneorhynchus neika
  68. Sapi                                         = Bos taurus
  69. Serigala                                    = Canis lupus
  70. Sapi laut                                   =  Hydrodamalis gigas
  71. Singa                                        = Panthera leo
  72. Tapir                                        = Acrocodia indica
  73. Tikus                                        = Rattus rattus
  74. Unta punuk 1                             = Camelus dromedarius
  75. Walrus                                     = Odobenus rasmanus
  76. Zebra                                                    = Equss zebra

This entry was posted on Friday, May 30th, 2008 at 9:53 am and is filed under Uncategorized. You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed. You can skip to the end and leave a response. Pinging is currently not allowed.

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